Presentation of the project
The reception of the Traveller community, integration of foreigners, access to housing, protection of minors, employement, right to healthy environment, protection of health, cultural rights… : So much responsibilities falling to territorial authorities and involving human rights. In this context, instruments multiply : European charter for the safeguarding of human rights in the city, Global Charter-Agenda for Human Rights in the City, Declaration of european summit of mayors on Roma…
Human rights were exclusive business of the central organs of state for a long time on the national plan (role of the legislator and the constituent in matter of liberties) as on the international plan (negotiation by the Executive, possible ratification by the Parliament). But differents factors (social, political and juridical) have changed the situation: increase of interdependency, integration in the European Union, internationalization of law and decentralization.
Hence, the question : which role for french territorial authorities in matter of human rights ?
The underlying problem is to conciliate the universality of human rights and the diversity of their implementations, diversity which is itself linked to the variety of social contexts.
This project is built around two thematic axis.
The first axis deals with authorities’action on their own territory in matter of human rights : Do local authorities base explicitly their politics on human rights ? If so, in what contexts and for what purposes (political strategy for instance) ? Are specific proceedings put in place in this field (valuation, ombudsman…) ? Can the reference to human rights improve local public services ?
The second axis deals with authorities’action on the international plan. It includes itself two work packages. The first one deals with the cooperation between the french territorial authorities and foreign local authorities (vertical dimension of internationalization of local authorities). Decentralised cooperation conventions often have humanitarian purposes but do they make aid conditional upon human rights ? The second work package focuses on the place of local authorities in international institutions of human rights. What role for this authorities in international negotiations and organizations dealing with human rights ? Local authorities claim a specific statute : could they compete with central organs of state ?
Who are we ?
A team of permanent CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientifique- National center of scientific research) researchers and lecturers of various french universities.
Our goal is to analyse independently, from an interdisciplinary perspective, the role of local authorities with respect to human rights.
Le Bris Catherine, Research fellow at CNRS
BELDA Pierre, Lecturer at Orleans University.
BRUNET François, Lecturer at Paris-Est Créteil University.
DONIERVirginie, Professor at Franche-Comté University.
FRIGOLI Gilles, Lecturer at Nice-Sophia Antipolis University.
PAUTI Christine, Lecturer at Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University .
PIERUCCI Christophe, Lecturer at Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University.
WEILL Pierre Edouard, Post-doctoral researcher at UMR de droit comparé de Paris.
-The coordinating research center :
Unité Mixte de Recherche de droit comparé de Paris 1 (8103)
This research laboratory was established in partnership with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS, the french National center for scientific research) and Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University
It is led by Mrs Hélène Ruiz Fabri, Professor at the Sorbonne School of Law.
-Financing of the project
This research is financed by the french National Agency for Research (Agence Nationale de la Recherche)
-Timeline of the project
This research involves two stages :
The first one will be dedicated to the collection of resources. It will include a large scale field enquiry based on questionnaires oand interviews.
The actors concerned by the enquiry will be, especially, local authorities.
The second stage will be dedicated to the resources analysis. It will involve work shops.
–Key-words of the project